Jewelery in history
The beginning of the history of jewelry art coincides with the birth of humanity. Even the first people put on jewelry to emphasize their own individuality, social status, well-being and to indicate their tribal affiliation.
During the existence of jewelry, their functions have changed greatly. Jewels were used as currency, had the role of a fashion accessory and eventually became a form of art.
rings of ancient Egypt Most researchers believe that modern jewelry is rooted in ancient Egypt. It was here that the profession of a jeweler first appeared, and the methods and craftsmanship of creating jewelery were quite wide and allowed making products in a variety of styles and various forms. The main types of materials for making jewelry masterpieces were:
Decorated products by embossing, engraving and applying the technique of cold enamel. Of course, the most favorite material of Egypt’s jewelers was gold. The metal was easily processed and at the same time gave a unique brilliance. Gold in Egypt symbolized wealth and power, it was customary to wear it on a person, even after his death.
The jewelry art of Greece was based on cultural symbolism. The creation of jewelry was based on mythological, religious and heroic motifs, epic storylines.
the ring in the era of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire was considered the center of prosperity and development of jewelry. Jewelry trade was well established, which no other country in the world could compete with, until the days of the European Renaissance. The wearing of jewels has become traditional for the Greek and Roman peoples. And gold even decorated furniture and other home furnishings. Popular among the Roman masters was the use of precious stones, they decorated the products:
The Ring of Christian Belief The confusion of cultural layers in the jeweler’s art occurred with the adoption of Christianity. Jewelry of this time looks like symbols of the Christian faith of the beginning of the Middle Ages. Christian monasteries were responsible for the production of the main part of jewelry from all over the world. But they were engaged not only in the production of jewelry, but also in their supply to the world market and the choice of jewelers. It was from the moment of the formation of the first guild of jewelers that the development of art changed abruptly and went in a completely new way.
Necklace with red rubies. Before the Renaissance, the main function of jewelry was an expression of religious and cultural symbolism, their role radically changed and became much wider with the advent of the Renaissance. Jewelry was more often worn on the body as a manifestation of exceptional taste and ideas about beauty. Gems were in vogue; they decorated not only jewelery, but also picture frames, and used them to create the paintings themselves. The attention was attracted by the color, brilliance and beauty of precious stones, they were no longer perceived as the embodiment of something mystical.
Baroque rings In the 17th century, the trends in the creation of precious products changed significantly, due to the interest in plant and animal nature. In the art of jewelry, floral motifs and natural ornaments appear, which is dictated by the baroque style that was fashionable in that era. Jewelry becomes pompous, completely different from the previous ones. The popularity of such products until the end of the first half of the XVIII century. During this period, rococo becomes popular, which gives decorations a subtlety, elegance and originality of design. It was at this time that there are decorations that are firmly in vogue and have not lost their relevance until today. In the XIX century, brooches and egretki in the form of floral bouquets and made in the form of a cascade become fashionable. Incredible recognition is won by diamonds.
Rococo Ring In the modern world, jewelry is perceived as a form of artistic art. And, thanks to significant technological progress, the world received decorations not only from natural materials, but also from synthetic materials, which, despite their availability, can easily compete with natural stones and metals. As a result, more careful attention was paid to the design of the product and the creative imagination of the master. Fashion is constantly changing, and therefore new jewelry collections are born with incredible speed. Today, jewelry is the form and way of expression.
Trends in the development of jewelry art today are constantly growing, developing and changing, thereby making an invaluable contribution to the history of the development of jewelry art.